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  • Language Family: Kwa
  • Topic #1: Negation
Negation Patterns in the Kwa Language Gr Negation Patterns in the Kwa Language Group


There currently exists extensive literature written on the topic of negation but only recently have studies of negation begun to expand outside of the limited scope of Indo-European languages. Linguists are finding that certain patterns thought to be cross-linguistic occur mainly in this most heavily studied language family. The intent of this article is to provide a succinct survey of the negation strategies in a collection of Kwa (Niger-Congo) languages in order to contribute to the literature on negation. Commonly cited patterns such as Jespersen’s cycle (Jespersen 1917) are almost entirely unattested in this language group. There is a consistent pattern of marking negation in Akan, Ewe, and the North Guang languages involving the use of a preverbal nasal morpheme. Interestingly three South Guang languages utilize instead a verbal prefix bÉ-. The Ga-Dangme languages stand out from other Kwa languages in their use of verbal suffixes rather than prefixes. The Ghana-Togo Mountain languages of the Kwa group also do not rely on preverbal nasal negation marking.

Created 2018-Jun-12
Changed 2018-Jun-13
Size 941.75 KB
Author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MD5 Checksum ce588df446e1089e35e54eb85a586d13
Created by Hasiyatu Abubakari
Changed by Hasiyatu Abubakari
Downloads 836
SHA1 Checksum 7d98e692ecba7108d137dfb9b26ecd67c018a6f4
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