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  • Language Family: Chadic
  • Topic #1: Locatives
Static Location and Motion Marking in Hausa and Z Static Location and Motion Marking in Hausa and Zarma

Abstract

Creissels (2006) proposes a typology of locative marking that sets up three main patterns (besides two minor logical ones). In one pattern, languages have three distinctive marking for their static locatives, source of motion locatives and destination of motion locatives. In a second pattern, languages use the same marking for static and destination locatives and use a distinctive marker for source locatives. Finally, in a third pattern, languages make no formal distinction between the types of locatives and rely on verb semantics for the appropriate interpretation. This paper contrasts the marking patterns in Hausa (Chadic) and Zarma (Songhay), two West-African languages that have been in contact for many centuries. Hausa generally uses the second pattern, merging the expression of static and destination locatives, but in some cases it also uses the first pattern with distinctive adpositions for the three types of locatives. Zarma, on the other hand, marks all three types of locatives with the same static location adpositions, but a few verbs partake in specialized constructions marking destination and source locatives.

Data
Created 2018-Dec-17
Changed 2018-Dec-18
Size 400.22 KB
Author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MD5 Checksum d086f700cc82409b88d01605898131d8
Created by Hasiyatu Abubakari
Changed by Hasiyatu Abubakari
Downloads 643
SHA1 Checksum deb6d93978887b4b6cd56361250e7ec7cc75054b
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